Under the Madrid Protocol implemented in 15 USC 1141 et seq, and under 15 USC 1057, the holder of a trademark registered in a foreign country can obtain registration of the trademark in the United States as well, and obtain the benefit of a constructive use date pegged to the date of the foreign registration or application for US registration.  If the registrant later makes actual use of the trademark in US commerce, it may then sue other users of the trademark for infringement, with its priority of ownership determined by its constructive use date even if its actual use of the trademark in the US post-dates the infringer’s use.  Here, Lodestar acquired priority over Bicardi in use of “Untamed” in connection with whiskey and rum.  Nevertheless, summary judgment was properly entered against Lodestar because it failed to show that there was a likelihood of confusion with Bicardi’s use of “Untamable” in connection with its rum.  Products that Lodestar first sod using the trademark after Bicardi’s use may be considered in determining likelihood of confusion, but only if Lodestar made a bona fide use of the trademark on the product and didn’t just do it for the purpose of extending its trademark to block other users.  Taking all of the AMF Inc. v. Sleekcraft Boats, 599 F.2d 341, 348-49 (9th Cir. 1979).factors into account, there was the likelihood of confusion was not probable but only possible, so the district court did not err in awarding Bicardi summary judgment.