Kaiser’s Health Plan, a Know-Keane health care service plan, is not a single enterprise (or alter ego of) Kaiser Foundation Hospitals or Southern California Permanente Medical Group and so not liable for their alleged torts even though the health plan necessarily works closely with the hospitals and physician members of the medical group.  The Knox-Keane act expressly allows a health care service plan to own hospitals and contract with physicians to care for its members.  And there is no inequity in requiring the plaintiff non-member of the Health Plan to seek recovery from the hospitals and physician group.

 California Court of Appeal, Second District, Division 1 (Rothschild, P.J.); May 26, 2016 (modified & published June 23, 2016); 2016 WL 3125923