An employer’s arbitration agreement contained a carve-out provision stating that claims under PAGA are not arbitrable under this agreement.  This decision holds that the plain language of the carve-out excludes from arbitration all PAGA claims–including those individual PAGA claims that Viking River Cruises, Inc. v. Moriana (2022) 142 S.Ct. 1906 are arbitrable (absent the parties’ contrary agreement). Hence, the trial court did not err in denying the employer’s motion to compel arbitration of the employee’s individual PAGA claims.