Following Borden v. eFinancial, LLC (9th Cir. 2022) 53 F.4th 1230, this decision holds that to be an automatic telephone dialing system within the TCPA’s meaning, the system must randomly or sequentially generate and dial telephone numbers.  It is not enough that the system randomly or sequentially chooses telephone numberes that the defendant has obtained and stored in a different manner (as here by users’ entering their telephone numbers on their Facebook pages).  A concurring opinion calls for an en banc review of what it deems to have been an erroneous decision in Borden.