Employment, Race/Ethnicity Discrimination, Unconscious Discrimination, Aversive Racism, 2, 8

This decision holds that race discrimination need not be consciously motivated by race in order to violate Title VII.  Unconscious application of racial stereotypes is enough to violate the statute.  However, expert testimony regarding such unconscious application of racial stereotypes does not prove race discrimination as a matter of law.  The district court did not commit clear error in finding the expert testimony unpersuasive in the face of eye-witness testimony about the non-racial reasons for the defendant’s adverse action.