Following Vazquez v. Jan-Pro Franchising Internat., Inc. (2021) 10 Cal.5th 944, this decision holds that Dynamex Operations West, Inc. v. Superior Court (2018) 4 Cal.5th 903 and its ABC test for determining whether a worker or an independent contractor applies retroactively.  And, following People v. Superior Court (Cal Cartage Transportation Express, LLC) (2020) 57 Cal.App.5th 619, it also holds that the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act does not preempt California wage and hour laws in this respect.