The Alien Tort Claims Act does not apply extraterritorially.  In this case, plaintiffs did not allege acts occurring within the United States that are the focus of the statute’s concern.  They said only that the corporate defendants made corporate decisions in the United States.  That was insufficient.  The actual acts of foreign cocoa growers’ use of child slave labor and even the acts of aiding and abetting that slave labor by providing farm supplies all occurred outside the United States.  So the Alien Tort Claims Act did not apply.  Thomas’ opinion in which three other justices concurred would limit the Alien Tort Claims Act to “violation of safe conducts, infringement of the rights of ambassadors, and piracy.”