A shareholder in a California-based corporation has Article III standing to sue the California Secretary of State to seek to enjoin SB 826 (2018) which enacted Corp. Code  301.3, 2115.5, requiring covered corporations to have at least one female director by 2019 and up to three female directors by 2021.  Even though the statute is directed against corporations, not their shareholders, the only way directors can be elected is by shareholder votes.  So the statute requires shareholder action to approve the required numbers of female directors.  “A person required by the government to discriminate by ethnicity or sex against others has standing to challenge the validity of the requirement, even though the government does not discriminate against him.” Monterey Mech. Co. v. Wilson (9th Cir. 1997) 125 F.3d 702, 707.  Since each shareholder cannot predict how others will vote, each is under compulsion of the state’s statute to vote for women directors to avoid placing the corporation in violation of the statute.