Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(k)(2), a plaintiff may establish personal jurisdiction over a foreign defendant by (a) alleging a federal law claim against the defendant, (b) showing that the defendant is not subject to personal jurisdiction in any state, and (c) showing that exercise of jurisdiction over the defendant is consistent with due process, considering the defendant’s contacts with the US as a whole. Here, plaintiff brought a copyright infringement (federal claim) against a Vietnamese corporation that uploaded plaintiff’s copyrighted songs to its MP3 mobile app and made that app available to US customers, choosing not to geoblock US customers from hearing the plaintiff’s copyrighted songs though it did geoblock US customers from hearing songs copyrighted by some larger US entertainment companies. This decision holds that these and other facts showed that defendant met the Calder “effects” test and purposefully availed itself of US benefits and protections; hence was subject to personal jurisdiction in the US. The decision also holds that Vietnam is not an effective alternative forum for forum non conveniens purposes at least in copyright infringement cases since it lacks settled and effective civil procedures for suing on copyright infringement claims.