Adams, a lawyer, switched his party affiliation from Democrat to Independent, and then filed this case challenging the constitutionality of Delaware’s constitutional provisions that allow only a bare majority of judges on its top five courts to be of the same political party and require that the remaining judges on the top three courts be of the other major political party, thus barring Independents from those courts. This decision holds that Adams has not established Article III standing. His alleged injury in fact–being barred from judicial office on the top three courts–is not concrete or actual or imminent. Adams could not show that he was able and ready to assume judicial office but for the Delaware constitutional provisions he challenged. While still a Democrat, he never applied for judicial office. He changed affiliation only to bring this suit.