Following Baumann v. Chase Investment Serv. Corp. (9th Cir. 2014) 747 F.3d 1117, this decision holds that a PAGA suit is not a “class action” that can be removed under CAFA because a PAGA suit lacks the characteristics of a class action under FRCivP 23.  That conclusion not weakened by more recent decisions, but is instead by the Cal. Supreme Court’s decision in Kim v. Reins Internat. California, Inc. (2020) 9 Cal.5th 73 which specifically distinguishes PAGA representative suits from class actions.